Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned— for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come. Romans 5:12-14
Was Adam a real person? An article in the current issue of Christianity Today addressed this issue. It seems that genetic scientists have come to the conclusion that the human population never got below a small group of individuals and never was as small as two persons. If this is true than we would have a group of Adams and Eves. Now as to how exactly evolution managed to produce a group with the same random mutations that resulted in modern humans at the same time is not made clear. Also the fact that science and religion are in conflict is not new. The problem arises when Christians try to conform to the most current scientific theory.
The existence of Adam is fundamental to the doctrine of original sin. Just as important is that both Jesus and Paul teach that Adam was a real person. Now if Adam was a composite of many people or a fiction then both Jesus and Paul have lied to us. We must always be careful not to compromise our faith in order to fit in to what the world would have us believe is true. We must keep in mind that theories are just that, theories. They are not fact no matter how strenuously scientist may claim. When we look to the past we move beyond what can be proven scientifically.
Sin entered the world through a choice by one man, Adam, a choice to disobey God. Sin was not the result of a decision by a committee. Sin was paid for through the choice of one man, Jesus, who made a choice to obey God. Each of us also must make an individual choice to accept the payment for our sins. That choice too cannot be made by a group only by the individual. That God allows each of us to choose rather than force His will on us shows how much God loves each of us. His grace is freely given, never forced.
Have a blessed day,