On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons. Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water.” And they filled them up to the brim. And he said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the feast.” So they took it. When the master of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.” This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him. After this he went down to Capernaum, with his mother and his brothers and his disciples, and they stayed there for a few days. John 2:1-12
Water to wine, not exactly the greatest miracle Jesus ever did. No one healed and no one raised from the dead just what amounts to a parlor trick. It almost sounds like something any first rate illusionist could pull off on a Vegas stage. So why does John include this miracle in his Gospel account? Yes it was Jesus’ first miracle but definitely not on a par with the other miracles John documents.
Well of course this was not a parlor trick. There was no deception the water was actually changed into wine and according to the master of the feast quiet good wine. In fact the best wine served at the wedding. I think it was what this miracle symbolized that is important. In a first century setting both water and wine were exceptionally valuable. All life requires water and in settings where water was often not the purest, wine was drunk with meals.
Jesus constantly used water and wine in His talks with His disciples and those He ministered to. He told people that He provided living water that quenched every thirst. At the last supper He used wine to symbolize His blood to be poured out for our sins. So, what on the surface seems like such a small miracle of such little import that only John felt the need to include it in his Gospel is symbolically rich. Water and wine will be used throughout Jesus’ ministry. Water that sustains life would be used by Jesus who sustains all life to illustrate what He brings to us. Wine, used as a drink offering by the Jews, poured out on the alter to God, would symbolize Jesus’ ultimate sacrifice as His blood was poured out as a sacrifice for our sins.
Water and wine. Life and death. Fulfillment of a promise and salvation for all. A Simple miracle with world changing implication.
Have a blessed day,