Has not Moses given you the law? Yet none of you keeps the law. Why do you seek to kill me?” The crowd answered, “You have a demon! Who is seeking to kill you?” Jesus answered them, “I did one work, and you all marvel at it. Moses gave you circumcision (not that it is from Moses, but from the fathers), and you circumcise a man on the Sabbath. If on the Sabbath a man receives circumcision, so that the law of Moses may not be broken, are you angry with me because on the Sabbath I made a man’s whole body well? Do not judge by appearances, but judge with right judgment.” John 7:19-24
When Moses gave Israel God’s law, one of the laws concerned circumcision. The law decreed that male babies should be circumcised on the eighth day. In order to uphold the law on circumcision they would perform the ritual on the eighth day even if it fell on the Sabbath. In today’s verses Jesus is calling them on the inconsistency of allowing circumcision on the Sabbath but condemning Jesus when He healed on the Sabbath.
Israel had gotten so obsessed on the letter of the law and how they interpreted it that they lost the spirit of the law. God set the Sabbath aside for the Jews to not do their normal labors but to spend that day in worship of God and to rest from their daily labors. But God also took into account that sometimes an animal would be hurt or in distress and need to be taken care of. If an animal fell into a well they were allowed to rescue the animal, no need to wait a day.
Instead of following what God said, they spent their time trying to decide how far someone could walk from home before it was considered work. In doing this they took away from what God wanted for the Sabbath and turned it into what men decided the Sabbath should be. Jesus was trying to get the Jews back to observing the day as God intended. And for His troubles they plotted to kill Him.
Have a blessed day,