Of the two major competing views on the problem of evil only one has put forth an answer. Christians can point to the existence of free will as the root cause of evil ion the world. Coupled with Adam and Eve’s disobedience of God’s command, sin entered into the world. We have seen that just because God has not eradicated evil does not mean He either cannot or will not. While free will allows us to do evil it also allows us to do good.
Science/naturalism on the other hand has yet to offer a convincing theory on how the concept of good and evil arose in such a universal manner. How is it that every society has a similar moral code? How is it that we all feel certain things are wrong? Where did this universal moral code come from? These are questions that science is unable to answer. As we have seen nature has no good or evil, nature just is. The physical world has no right or wrong. The physical world just exists. Science is usually very good at telling us how things work but in this instance they are unable to tell us how the human mind works and how a moral code came into existence. Science is not able to tell us why. They cannot tell us why there is a moral code or why one exists.
When we have why questions we have to turn away from science toward philosophy. For the existence of evil it is the Christian philosophy that can give us answers. All other either ignores the existence of evil saying it does not exist or try to turn morality into a relativistic theory of conduct that fails to explain the universality of morality.
I hope in some small way I have at least gotten my readers to think about the problem of evil. For those who lean toward the naturalistic bent I hope you may give the Christian concepts of good and evil a look. For all, I would recommend reading C.S. Lewis’ “The Problem of Pain” and Norman Geisler’s “If God, Why Evil. Either book goes into the issues of why evil much deeper than I am able to do. Also look at this post from my friend Glenn’s blog Thomistic Bent –
Have a blessed day,