The Problem of Evil – Conclusion

Of the two major competing views on the problem of evil only one has put forth an answer. Christians can point to the existence of free will as the root cause of evil ion the world. Coupled with Adam and Eve’s disobedience of God’s command, sin entered into the world. We have seen that just because God has not eradicated evil does not mean He either cannot or will not. While free will allows us to do evil it also allows us to do good.

Science/naturalism on the other hand has yet to offer a convincing theory on how the concept of good and evil arose in such a universal manner. How is it that every society has a similar moral code? How is it that we all feel certain things are wrong? Where did this universal moral code come from? These are questions that science is unable to answer. As we have seen nature has no good or evil, nature just is. The physical world has no right or wrong. The physical world just exists. Science is usually very good at telling us how things work but in this instance they are unable to tell us how the human mind works and how a moral code came into existence. Science is not able to tell us why. They cannot tell us why there is a moral code or why one exists.

When we have why questions we have to turn away from science toward philosophy. For the existence of evil it is the Christian philosophy that can give us answers. All other either ignores the existence of evil saying it does not exist or try to turn morality into a relativistic theory of conduct that fails to explain the universality of morality.

I hope in some small way I have at least gotten my readers to think about the problem of evil. For those who lean toward the naturalistic bent I hope you may give the Christian concepts of good and evil a look. For all, I would recommend reading C.S. Lewis’ “The Problem of Pain” and Norman Geisler’s “If God, Why Evil. Either book goes into the issues of why evil much deeper than I am able to do. Also look at this post from my friend Glenn’s blog Thomistic Bent –

Have a blessed day,


About dwwork

The name of this blog is taken from 1 Peter 3:13 - “always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect, keeping a clear conscience. This verse became special to me over ten years ago when I was asked to teach an adult Sunday school class on Christian apologetics. This interest grew over the years to the point that I took some graduate level classes in apologetics. I think the best way to be prepared to give and answer to everyone who asks is to know scripture. It is my hope that through these short devotionals the reader will become more familiar with each verse. I have tried when possible to make them personal hoping in some small way to show that God’s word written over two thousand years ago is still relevant today. In the writing of these short devotionals I have been able to better understand how God’s word impacts my life. It is my hope that you too will come closer to our Lord Jesus and develop a closer relationship with Him. Finally, if the reader finds anything in conflict with scripture please let me know. God’s word is the final authority always overrules anything I might write. David
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1 Response to The Problem of Evil – Conclusion

  1. Joe Quatrone, Jr. says:

    Another great article, Dave! I read this entire series and you are truly an apologetic, my friend. As you said, many people believe in the concept of right and wrong, but they have no idea why. Part of the historical mission of science has been to teach us that we are not the playthings of supernatural intervention, that we can make our own way in the universe, and that we have to find our own sense of morality. In an evolutionary worldview, for example, it is not wrong to lie, cheat, or steal. No ultimate foundation for ethics exists, no ultimate meaning in life exists, and free will is merely a human myth.

    The biblical account of creation is necessary to understand why there is a moral law, why everyone knows about it, and why no one can live up to it completely. Apart from it, people have no reason to do anything at all. Words like “ought” and “should” only make sense if there is an absolute standard to live by. Nearly everyone believes in the moral law. It is our universal code of conduct.

    As you said, the first violation of the moral law occurred in the Garden of Eden when Adam disobeyed God by eating from the Tree of Life (Gen. 2:17, 3:6). His sin resulted in a universal curse and all creation has been suffering the effects of that curse ever since (Rom. 8:22-23). Genesis speaks about the origin of evil. It is explained as a temporary intrusion into God’s perfect world allowed by God as a dispensation to the principle of human freedom and responsibility, and also to manifest God as the Creator and the Redeemer of sinners. We find in the book of Genesis the origin of evil and learn that all forms of God’s wrath are set in motion.

    We also find the origin of salvation by grace through God’s mercy and a Substitute. The book of Genesis portrays God as being merciful to Adam and Eve when He does not kill them even though they deserve to die for their sin. Rather, God develops a system of animal sacrifice, which pictures a Substitute (Jesus Christ) who will take the place of sinners, an act of grace and mercy on God’s behalf.

    All of us have an opinion about the problem of evil, but only the Bible tells us for certain what happened. Very few things motivate us to give God our undivided attention like being faced with the negative consequences of our decisions.

    Have a great day, Dave!

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