As I was considering, behold, a male goat came from the west across the face of the whole earth, without touching the ground. And the goat had a conspicuous horn between his eyes. He came to the ram with the two horns, which I had seen standing on the bank of the canal, and he ran at him in his powerful wrath. I saw him come close to the ram, and he was enraged against him and struck the ram and broke his two horns. And the ram had no power to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground and trampled on him. And there was no one who could rescue the ram from his power. Then the goat became exceedingly great, but when he was strong, the great horn was broken, and instead of it there came up four conspicuous horns toward the four winds of heaven. Daniel 8:5-8
In today’s verses Daniel sees a goat with one large horn. The goat covered the whole earth without touching the ground. This corresponds to the exploits of Alexander the Great. Upon ascending to the throne at the age of twenty, Alexander conquered the known world from Egypt to India in twelve years. Although outnumbered, Alexander defeated the Persians, the ram with two horns, each time they met. After returning from India, Alexander died at 32 in Babylon. The large horn was broken off. It was replaced by four horns. This corresponds to the four parts that the Alexander’s empire was split into. Although there he had five generals who could have inherited Alexander’s empire, one was killed and so just as Daniel had written, the empire was split into four smaller empires.
Daniel’s account was written approximately 300 years before Alexander the Great’s conquests. If we look up the Book of Daniel on Wikipedia you will find this statement” Though traditionally the book was believed to have been written by the Daniel figure of the court tales, today the scholarly consensus views the Book of Daniel as a product of Maccabean times.” They do offer up “that many evangelical commentators still defend a sixth century date” but end with “for mainstream scholarship the issue was settled over a century ago.” Who makes up this scholarly consensus? We are left to ferret this out on our own but I would hazard a guess that it is the same historical critics that make a living on the History Channel and PBS that seem to discount everything in the Bible.
Why do they do this? Mainly because they approach the Bible as they do everything else in life that there are only natural explanations and anything that even hints at the supernatural must by definition be myth. This line of reasoning rules out the existence of God or at the very least any god who acts within history. In academic circle there is great pressure to conform to this secular view.
Who is right? For me it comes down to whom I believe, Jesus or the scholars. Jesus quoted Daniel and used the title Son of Man found in Daniel. One of the groups who continually tried to trick Jesus and find fault with His were the Pharisees, the scholars of the day. Just because someone has a doctorate does not free them from faulty thinking or group think. As for me I choose to believe the Lord.
Have a blessed day,