Islamic Teaching on the Resurrection
With the events of the past few years there has been an increased interest in Islam and its teachings. Many are surprised to learn that Jesus is mentioned in the Qur’an. Jesus is not only mentioned, but considered a prophet in Islam. Before we look at what Islam has to say about the resurrection, we need to look at how Islam views Jesus.
Jesus is mentioned many times in the Qur’an. Mohammad calls Jesus a prophet and Jesus is the prophet before Mohammad. The Qur’an tells of Jesus’ virgin birth and the fact that Jesus performed miracles. Two things are of interest. First, while the Qur’an tells of Jesus’ miracles, there are no miracles attributed to Mohammad. Second, there are more surahs about Jesus virgin birth and Mary in the Qur’an than in the New Testament.
The Qur’an denies (1) that Jesus was crucified. Surahs 157 to 159 state:
157 And because of their saying: We slew the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, Allah’s messenger – they slew him not nor crucified him, but it appeared so unto them; and lo! those who disagree concerning it are in doubt thereof; they have no knowledge thereof save pursuit of a conjecture; they slew him not for certain.
158 But Allah took him up unto Himself. Allah was ever Mighty, Wise.
159 There is not one of the People of the Scripture but will believe in him before his death, and on the Day of Resurrection he will be a witness against them –
In Islam Its Prophet, People, Politics and Power (2) , George Braswell writes that not only does Islam teach that Jesus was not crucified but Allah made it seem that the crucifixion took place. This was done by having someone else take on the likeness of Jesus and that person was crucified in Jesus’ place. Islam teaches that Jesus was taken bodily, alive, into heaven and will return. If Jesus was not crucified, then who was? In More Than a Prophet (3) the authors indicate that some Moslems believe it was Judas, while others believe it was Simon of Cyrene who was crucified in place of Jesus.
The Islamic teachings about the crucifixion go against all Christian teachings and, as we have seen earlier, against other ancient secular historical texts. There is no historical evidence to back up what is written in the Qur’an. Mohammad’s reasoning and Islamic thought is that Allah would not allow one of His prophets to die a criminal’s death.
1 Mohammed Marmaduke Pickthall, “The Meaning Of The Glorious Quaran,” Sacred-texts.com, http://www.sacred-texts.com/isl/pick/index.htm. (accessed August 9, 2004).
2 Jr. George W. Braswell, Islam Its Prophet, Peoples, Politics and Power (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1996), 283.
3 Emir Fethi Caner and Ergin Mehmet Caner, More Than a Prophet (Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 2003), 63.